Initiatives in favor of immigrants are doubling with SSE. Beyond receptions, first aid and accommodation, they are particularly interested in economic integration. Symbolically, former Minister of Social Solidarity Economy Benoît Hamon became director of NGO Singa a few months ago with the aim of connecting residents and refugees in the realization of professional projects. For a long time, SSE historic players such as the co-operative movement and Adi have carried out such collective initiatives.
It’s not surprising that Sciences Po Grenoble researcher Cristèle Bernard has such concerns in some parts of this sector. The 2015 immigration crisis has revitalized the movement. Of course, we had to worry about emergency acceptance, access to rights, and very quick integration. This is where the SSE structure comes into play. Thus, researchers take the example of the Emmaus Roya community, which was opened in the footsteps of Cedric Hero, a farmer arrested for helping immigrants. Initially, the problem was to secure the protection of refugees from the Italian border, but then the problem of economic activity arose with the creation of agricultural activity.
With the support of the local government
For these purposes, SSE actors are also supported by local governments. Thus, Christe Levernal is reminiscent of another example of the Grenoble Metropole. It directed local associations to develop economic integration by implementing aid policies for migrants. Many other communities follow suit. Since last year, they have been gathered within Ambita, a national association of welcoming towns and regions.
In it, the city of Paris is also supporting SSE in its economic integration mission. This is the case with the Langues plurielles Cooperative, which offers many tools for learning French. “We support refugees and migrants at various stages of their journey,” explains Scop Director Blanche Picchot Deschamps Fleury. The city of Paris is funding us for actions aimed at working people and those with residence permits. Through Refug’s call for projects, we also support asylum seekers. Finally, we created a free application for people who are far from writing. The app I’m learning is designed by refugees themselves and there are already several versions. “Learning French is essential for immigrants,” adds Blanche Pichot de Champfleury. Multiple languages provide both professional French for those who work and everyday French for residence permit verification, which requires a minimum of French. »»
Supporting immigrants when setting up a business
Meltingcoop, another Parisian association that finds the same audience as the plural language in northeastern Paris, launched the Migracoop project three years ago to help immigrants work. It’s for them to test it for months within a temporary co-operative. “We reach a predominantly female audience,” says Anna Mourlaque, founder of the Meltingcoop Society. They joined two co-operatives. One focused on cooking and the other focused on sewing. During the period of the co-operative, they can develop economic activities while being trained. What’s interesting is the outlets that continue in restaurants and garment factories after they pass. Collective entrepreneurship makes it possible to create solidarity and financial mutual aid. With the support of the City of Paris, the Crédit Coopératif Foundation, the Coopaname Business and Employment Cooperatives, the Migracoop project will continue this year and will continue for 10 days in the form of a “flash coup” to detect migrant women who want to do business with them. ..
Microcredit to lend
Integration through SMEs has been Adie’s challenge for 30 years. Each year, 300 refugees watch projects funded by microcredit from Adie, courier companies, culinary companies, and small crafts. Development manager Eliott Inguenaud confirms that solidarity lenders have been stepping up their actions with immigrants since 2015. , Language barrier and lack of network. Wage labor is not standard in their country of origin. Therefore, creating a business is a real solution. Our microcredit is guaranteed, so our advisors look for someone who can act as a guarantor, or the agency takes out a loan without a guarantee. Therefore, actions aimed at refugees appear to be growing strongly. Beginning in 2015, public actors have begun funding these audiences, calling for integration and coordination by SSE actors to support them.