Submarine Cable: Lever for Digital and Economic Sovereignty

Submarine cables, the center of global telecommunications, carry data flow from one continent to another. But they are more than a simple means of disseminating data, and are today the subject of global influence manipulation. Challenges for the country: Maintaining digital and economic sovereignty. For this purpose, connectivity data centers are positioned as another strategic infrastructure.

Submarine cables, undervalued assets

If submarine cables are very greedy, it’s mainly because they are one of the cornerstones of the world economy. In fact, more than 95% of the world’s telecommunications goes through cables, including 97% of the world’s Internet traffic. Underwater, there are more than 470 submarine cables connecting the continents, and billions of dollars pass through daily financial transactions. Without them, the digital economy and the wealth it produces would collapse.

Therefore, controlling submarine cables controls the intercontinental links at the heart of the economy. In this power position, countries can claim full digital sovereignty, control private and public data in transit, and ensure they are independent of other powers. In addition to the economic and technological foundations they promote, cables are also, for example, a tool for intelligence. Therefore, a global power game that wants submarine cables that are as strategic as gas and oil pipelines.

Attracting cables to territory, strategic challenges

In situations where submarine cables are the culmination of digital and economic sovereignty, there is competition between countries to capture submarine cables and host landing stations. This means that there is a debate to convince the private sector responsible for the cable business, the company that manufactures, lays, holds, and operates cables.

However, in a global network of Internet infrastructure, submarine cables require terrestrial infrastructure relays. This is the connectivity and data center hosting that is essential for leveraging data flows that route between continents. Also, the more data centers and connecting hubs you have in your territory, the more strategic destinations the submarine cables and the companies that manage them will be. Therefore, data centers are another strategic data infrastructure that countries must prioritize in order to attract cables and continue to manage digital sovereignty.

France and its data centers, the best destinations for cables

In global digital competition, France is quite wealthy in terms of infrastructure, and Paris and Marseille, the two major hubs of the world’s Internet, are the fourth and seventh connected cities in the world, respectively. This also benefits Europe. In fact, there are 13 landing stations in the French coast, with more than 20 submarine cables arriving.

In this way, the country also benefits from high-density networks in data centers, allowing domestic wired networks to connect to these strategic cables. Among them is a major connected data center that brings together a digital community of thousands of members and provides connections to all destinations around the world in milliseconds. Thanks to such infrastructure, French companies do not rely on foreign connected players to connect with each other and internationally from a digital and economic sovereignty standpoint.