Soft mobility: environmental, health and economic issues

Energy prices continue to be at the center of the news, questioning mobility weeks before the elections. The five-year term was characterized by the crisis of the Yellow Vest movement, which demonstrated against rising gasoline prices and the lack of a pandemic alternative to cars and the Covid-19. In metropolitan areas, the latter is accelerating the use of short-term bicycles. Mobility, car and bicycle locations are at the heart of our social model and, by extension, the center of public debate. How can we bring the issue of soft mobility, especially cycling, to the 2022 presidential election between purchasing power, rising prices, social inclusion, regional planning and the climate crisis?

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The Cycling Alliance, which brings together multiple mobility players such as the Bicycle Users Federation (FUB) and the Association for Promoting and Identifying Bicycles and Active Mobility (Apic), has published the Book White. Make cycling a French asset February 22. This shows that one in two French people say they are ready to use more bicycles for health, cost, regional planning, and the fight against global warming. As the presidential election approaches, the White Paper proposes 10 priorities for the next five years to encourage and promote the use of bicycles in the territory. Therefore, soft mobility players are intended to bring demand to candidates for the 2022 presidential election. To do this, the Cycling Alliance White Paper highlights 10 priorities for the next five years, including special obligations. Development of a sustainable mobility package that supports the deployment of 5 million bicycle parking spaces and doubles the French bicycle network.

Soft mobility to replace driving a car

Private vehicles are responsible for 54% of the greenhouse gas emissions associated with road traffic. In other words, it is a non-negligible percentage of CO2 emissions associated with road transport. “Ecological impacts play a relatively important role in mobility decisions.”Bruno Gazeau, Chairman of the National Federation of Transport User Associations, says.. “France has promised to abolish the use of fossil fuels by 2040. Invested in diesel when many were told to do so, and these people updated their cars. Must have knowledge of the provision of public transportation. Otherwise, many people cannot afford electric cars and are banned from driving in the city. That’s not what we’re looking for. »»

According to the White Book of the Cycling Alliance, French people travel an average of 3-4 times a day, spending an average of 1 hour and 02 minutes of transportation a day. However, the area was developed to encourage the use of individual cars.Therefore, 46% of French are still Forced Use your own car. However, one of the two trips in the town is less than 3 km, and according to ADEME, the time required depends on the means of transportation, from about 10 minutes by bicycle to 30 minutes by car if there is congestion or parking is difficult. Become. ..

The most volatile households also rely more on cars than the wealthiest households. “Mobility is the underlying topic of many other topics.”Says Thibault Quere, Advocacy Manager, Bicycle Users Federation.. “These are speeches by elected officials on purchasing power, the occurrence of the Yellow Vest, and the relationship with distance created by the development of individual cars for 40 years. We rely on unequal and contaminated systems. So, in the end, mobility leads to many other issues, but it’s not a theme in its own right. »»

Employment creation sector

In addition to health and the environment, the bicycle industry is a thriving area. It is estimated that this sector will create 150,000 jobs. Bicycle route use increased by 28% between 2019 and 2021. Attractive and economical cycling can partially address purchasing power challenges. 16% of the modest household budget goes to cars. The cost of an individual car is estimated at € 5,000-7,000 per year, compared to € 500 per cycle.

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Finally, walking and cycling have proven to be effective means of physical and mental health. According to the white paper, in France, one in three men and one in two women do not reach the level of physical activity recommended by the World Health Organization. The sedentary life of the French was exacerbated by the health crisis and various captivity imposed on the territory. “Their promotion must be at the heart of the country’s preventive policy. Therefore, by doing a short day trip achievable in 20 minutes by bicycle, each person will reach the minimum recommended by WHO and be early. The risk of death can be reduced from 29% to 41%. “ Notify the whitebook.

Romane Pigillet

Also for GoodPlanet Mag:

The Citizens Convention for Climate Citizens’ proposal for soft mobility was explained

Lack of physical activity poses a threat to the health of French people

Cities must be developed with pedestrians in mind

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