Odessa-International, the pearl of the Black Sea and the economic center of Ukraine

According to Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, the Russian-speaking Ukrainian city of Odessa (southwest), where Russian troops are preparing for bombing, is an essential major port for the country’s economy.

Located in the region of the same name on the Black Sea coast, Odessa has an international population of nearly one million.

An international city that symbolizes Russia

Founded by Empress Catherine II in 1794, Odessa is located 500 km south of Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine, and is a very iconic city for Russia. It was the third city of the Russian Empire and its second port.

In April 2014, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced that he is historically part of Novorossiya (New Russia), not part of Ukraine, and wants to establish it.

The majority of people, whether Ukrainian or Russian, speak Russian. This prosperous city is international, with the opening of the Suez Canal (1869) and the development of iron, leading to a succession of immigrants of all origins, including Greeks, Bulgarians, Turks and Moldovans. The population is increasing in the process of

The population increased from 100,000 in 1870 to 400,000 in 1900 and 600,000 in 1913. According to the United Nations, it is estimated to be 993,800 in 2018 (latest figures available).

Until the 1940s, Odessa was home to a very large Jewish community, destroyed by slaughter and deportation.

Separatist impulse

Near Transnistria, Moldova’s pro-Russian separatist region, Odessa suffers an armed conflict in the region (more than 14,000 deaths since 2014) despite the division between Kyiv and Moscow supporters. Rebels in East Ukraine have succeeded in resisting the urge of connected separatists.

Nevertheless, it has gone through a very tense period in recent years, with some mysterious explosions targeting pro-Ukrainian organizations there.

It was a tragic scene that killed 48 people, mainly pro-Russians who died in a fire, after attacking and killing Kyiv supporters on May 2, 2014. The tragedy commemorated by both camps each year left a vivid mark.

Keyport and seaside resort

The city has a port in Odessa (specializing in oil and iron metals) and two other important ports in the Odessa region: Yuzhny (chemicals) and Illychyivsk (transportation of metals and containers).

It is also one of the major transit points for grain exports (barley, corn) from very fertile “black soil”.

Its oil and chemical industry is linked to Russia and the European Union by a strategic pipeline.

Odessa’s sunny climate, beaches and mild lifestyle have made it a popular seaside resort for summer tourists, especially since Russia annexed Crimea in 2014.

From “Battleship Potemkin” to “Crime Capital”

Inspired by one of the most famous episodes of the 1905 Russian Revolution, it was in 1925 that the masterpiece of the silent film Battleship Potemkin by Soviet director Sergei Eisenstein was filmed in 1925.

The baby carriage scene running down the stairs of Odessa is one of the most famous in movie history.

The city also has a tenacious reputation as the “capital of crime” between reality and legend.

Sophie Brustein founded a “school of theft art” there at the end of the 19th century, and the thug king Mihika Iaponchik (“little Japanese”) became the character of Veneer Klik in the Odessa story. It had an impact. Isaac Babel.

The city influenced other characters of cunning and arrogant scammers, such as Ostap Bender, the hero of the former Soviet Union cult satirical novel.

Its reputation for sulfur has been exported to the United States, a refuge for immigrants from the former Soviet Union, and the New York district, which is considered a Russian mafia fortress, has been baptized by “Little Odessa.”

Located in the region of the same name on the Black Sea coast, Odessa has an international population of nearly one million. The symbolic city of Russia Odessa, founded by Empress Catherine the Great in 1794, is a symbolic city of Russia, located 500 km south of Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. It was the third city and second port of the Russian Empire. In April 2014, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced that it was historically not part of Ukraine, but part of Novorossiya (New Russia). The majority are Ukrainian or Russian, Russian speakers. This prosperous city is international, with the opening of the Suez Canal (1869) and the development of iron, leading to a succession of immigrants of all origins, including Greeks, Bulgarians, Turks and Moldovans. The population increased in the process. It increased from 100,000 inhabitants in 1870 to 400,000 in 1900 and 600,000 in 1913. According to the United Nations, it is estimated to be 993,800 in 2018 (latest figures available). Odessa was home to a very large Jewish community until the 1940s. In the rebellious Ukrainian region of the east, it was decimated by slaughter and deportation. More than 14,000 people have died since 2014. Nevertheless, after a period of great tension in recent years, several mysterious explosions have targeted pro-Ukrainian organizations there. On May 2, 2014, it was a tragic scene that claimed the lives of 48 Prolucians. A fire after attacking and killing a Kyiv party. The tragedy commemorated by both camps each year left a vivid mark. Major ports and seaside resorts The city has the port of Odessa (specializing in oil and iron metals) and two other important ports: Yuzhny (chemicals) and Illychyivsk (metal and container transportation). ) Is in the area of ‚Äč‚ÄčOdessa. It is also one of the major transit points for grain exports (barley, corn) from the very fertile “black land”. The oil and chemical industries are connected to Russia and the European Union by a strategic pipeline. Odessa’s sunny climate, beaches and its tranquil lifestyle have also made it a popular seaside resort for summer tourists since Russia annexed Crimea in 2014. “Battleship Potemkin in the Capital of Crime” The masterpiece of the silent film was in Odessa Soviet director Sergei Eisenstein’s “Battleship Potemkin” was inspired by one of the most well-known episodes of the 1905 Russian Revolution. It was taken in 1925. Odessa’s valeles stairs are one of the most famous in the history of the film. The city also has a strong reputation as the “capital of crime” between reality and legend. Sophie Bluwstein has established a school on “the art of stealing”. At the end of the 19th century, the thug king Michka Iapontchik (“little Japanese”) influenced the character of Benia Krik in the story of Isaac Babel’s Odessa. The city was inspired by other characters of cunning and arrogant scammers. , Hero of the former Soviet Union cult satirical novel, Odessa Bender, etc. His reputation for sulfur is in the New York district, a refuge for immigrants from the former Soviet Union, and exported to the United States, which is considered the home of the Russian mafia. , Has been baptized by “Little Odessa”.

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