Macron-Le Pen: Taxes, RSA … 4 economic themes they oppose

Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen have one thing in common. It is an increase in public spending and a small amount of savings. The Montagne Institute estimates that the program of the two candidates will worsen the budget deficit of € 44 billion for the next president and that of the candidate for the National Union will worsen € 102 billion. “These drifts are important enough to consider that some proposals cannot be applied other than implementing unannounced austerity measures,” emphasizes Victor Poirier, director of publishing at the Montaign Institute. To do. But this is one of the only things Elysee’s two candidates have in common at the economic level. RSA, purchasing power, retirement, taxes … on all these subjects, Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen often suggest the opposite.

Macron’s activities, RSA subject to Le Pen’s nationality

The proposal to condition active solidarity income (RSA) payments “to effective activities that enable integration” was honey for Emmanuel Macron’s opponents during this presidential election. Left and Marine Le Pen rushed forward to condemn this “anti-social” measure. The retiring president’s campaign team worked hard to counter this accusation, and instead of subduing beneficiaries to “services of general interest,” they hired them through band training and corporate devotion. He explained that it was a matter of helping him return. The ridiculous neoliberal aid could not be removed. Even the description of the unaffected beneficiaries did not undermine the protest. Will Emmanuel Macron abandon this iconic measure when he has to seek a vote in the Melenconist constituency? Abandoning this measure can have a double impact on the social side, allowing for even more beneficial strategies. Only that “left foot” remains, leaving the promise of automatic payments to everyone, including RSA. Those who have the right to avoid non-recourse.

On the part of Marine Le Pen, we are not surprised by the resurgence of “almost” public preference for RSA and the benefits of other solidarity that has long been one of the landmarks of the National Rally. If elected, only foreigners who have worked in France for more than 5 years can benefit from it. For RN candidates, this measure has two advantages. It is to curb immigration and save money (euro 5.4 billion euros a year according to her project). The Institut Montaigne has revised the hypothesis down to 2.5 billion, but the number of foreigners involved in this measure is not the same.


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Le Pen puts the package on purchasing power, Macron lags behind

The two candidates treated the purchasing power issue in the opposite way. On her side, Marine Le Pen had the talent to focus her campaign on this main concern of the French from the beginning. To answer that, candidates for the National Union chose the good old checkbook method and promised to return “purchasing power of 150-200 euros per month to the French”. Promise to reduce VAT of fuel, gas, kerosene and electricity from 20% to 5.5%, promise to remove it from baskets of 100 products, tolls, in addition to some general measures to support purchasing power 15% reduction through the renationalization of highways …-Marine Le Pen has increased its categorical measures. And almost no one has forgotten. Employees are exempt from employer contributions for a 10% salary increase (up to 3 SMICs). For retirees, reassessment of minimum old age. At the youngest, RN candidates offer a salary supplement payment of € 200-300 to those who work during the study and validate the exam, and travel free of charge during off-peak hours between the ages of 18 and 25. If you are a single mother, your financial support will be doubled. Upgrade their treatment for caregivers and teachers, etc. A strategy that has the advantage of speaking directly to the voter’s wallet and is difficult for macronists to criticize after “anything” that caused them to lose all digits financially.

For Emmanuel Macron, let’s get back to basics. The Yellow Vest movement, the subsequent health crisis, and finally the outbreak of inflation in recent months, forced the president to urgently change himself by guaranteeing the purchasing power of French people throughout his five-year term. The program, which almost ignores questions and never comes up with words … However, the measures are not completely lacking, summarizing Macronist’s philosophy of “achieving full employment and his work. Behind the item “Living Better From”: Purchasing Power Support First, certain measures that allow you to reduce unemployment and increase employee compensation (raise the Macron bonus limit to 6,000 euros) , Or forcing a company to establish a profit sharing scheme). Pay dividends). However, in the face of the increasingly important urgency of the subject of purchasing power, candidates can withdraw other promises such as food vouchers from their wallets to ensure certain emergencies such as discounts on fuel prices. Was forced to expand. It’s no surprise that the president, who wasn’t completely dogmatic about this issue by the second round, took out a checkbook to respond to this emergency …


Pension: Macron’s retirement age is low, Le Pen’s partial return to 60

In addition to RSA, the pension issue is another in the president-elect’s program that unveiled the good old accounting methods that predecessors used to balance and clearly filled in the point system proposed in the previous campaign. One sensitive social issue. System: Gradually raise the retirement age to 65 years old. In addition to this, there is the abolition of a major special system for new entrants. However, the president-elect has already watered his wine since the result of the first round. Longing to regain the voice from the left, Emmanuel Macron is open to qualifying his project last Monday to discuss the “pace and limits” of this reform, especially its decline at the age of only 64. Said. Elysee’s current residents also do not rule out a referendum on this reform. Emmanuel Macron also has pockets for passing pills: “fairly consider incompetent cases” and his promise of “long or painful careers”.

On the side of Marine Le Pen, the opposite philosophy: there is no doubt about working longer. Candidates for the National Union categorically refuse to extend the retirement age. She even wants to allow people who started working before the age of 20 to retire at the age of 60 with a pension of 40. Quite expensive positions: 9 billion according to the candidate, over 20 billion according to the Montagne Institute.

However, the two candidates are not in all respects. Both want to raise their minimum pensions in full to help retirees during this inflationary period.


Taxation: Common points and some differences

Abolishing audiovisual loyalty, continuing production tax cuts, reducing inheritance tax for the middle class … The two candidates for the presidential election find many things they want.

The retiring president highlights his role with his promise to allow all cohabiting couples to reduce taxes as if they were married or in a civil partnership. Adding to the idea of ​​increasing indirect inheritance deductions: The family structure has moved and taxation must adapt to this new data.

Express

On her side, Marine LePen coordinated the tax proposal. In particular, we would like to blow up the current IFI (Real Estate Wealth Tax) set by the other party to replace the ISF (Wealth Tax) and introduce IFF (Wealth Tax). All assets are taxed, except for homes, professional assets and works of art acquired over 10 years ago. RN candidates are also targeting young voters with two measures aimed at preventing “flying” abroad. Income tax and corporate tax exemption for persons under the age of 30. Probably two unconstitutional measures …


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