International Relations: Do Economic Sanctions Work?

  • Alessandra Correa
  • BBC News Brazil

Photo credit, EPA

Image caption,

The Russian ruble has plummeted since economic sanctions were imposed on Russia.

Sanctions imposed on Russia by the United States, the European Union, the United Kingdom, and other countries in response to the invasion of Ukraine are part of a long history of using penalties to enforce changes in the behavior of certain countries.

However, analysis of the types of measures adopted in the past shows that the objectives are not always achieved. In addition, in some cases, there is the risk of unintended consequences, which can be the opposite of what is desired, strengthening governments that want to be weakened, and adversely affecting human rights, democracy and other aspects. I have.

“If you look at modern history, you can see that sanctions are imposed every time one country violates an international treaty, invades another, or abducts a citizen of another.” Paolo Pasquariello, an economics scholar and professor of finance at the University of Michigan, told BBC News Brazil.

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“But the (resulting) record is not very good. Over the last few decades, sanctions have been imposed on Cuba, Venezuela and North Korea, to name a few. But in my opinion they are. It did not give the expected results. “, Observe Pasquariello.