A few years ago, the word sovereignty was a scarecrow characterized by extremes, synonymous with nationalism and isolationism. However, in recent years, sovereignty has become a stronger standard value of the European Union in the face of increasingly complex global situations with declining semantics. President Emmanuel Macron pleads for Europe during an important speech in the midst of a war at the European Gate. Who (…) must clearly consider its technical sovereignty, among other things “. Technical sovereignty is no longer considered an obstacle, but an opportunity and even a necessity.
Rethinking sovereignty in the cyberspace era
Partly the challenge to this conceptual development of sovereignty was the development of new technologies. Over the last two decades, the view of the debate has changed. Is the question no longer just competition, but even a threat to sovereignty by technology? Is there sovereignty, not the state? In cyberspace, how to protect the rights of individuals and private companies on the Internet and the cloud, or how to harmonize security and human rights in cyberspace.
Therefore, the digital world will bring about a change in sovereignty and will be enhanced by the dynamics of non-state actors, including but not limited to private enterprises, civil society and NGOs. Therefore, based on this discussion, digital sovereignty can represent the ability of actors to control, manage, transfer, and use digital information, communications, and infrastructure. And in Europe, this development is very important.
Harmonizing charm and independence
The wind of this update allows the EU to rethink. European digital sovereignty is now synonymous with the agglomeration of European troops facing foreign competition. Open source is the most impressive example. The true vector of sovereignty, open source, has great potential for Europe and its digital strategy as long as it is in perfect harmony with the values of democracy that Europe has built and promotes transparency and free trade. increase. Of course, there are risks (especially important software risks), but there are endless possibilities for Europe looking for a new engine.
In addition, in his report on public data policy, Deputy Eric Bosorell recommends that France and Europe look more open source in terms of strategic autonomy. In fact, the use of free software offers a much greater autonomy and thus sovereign perspective than the proprietary software ecosystem by significantly reducing the risk of strategic and technological dependence on foreign giants. In particular, it is now possible to build completely open source systems, from operating systems to minimal applications.
Digital sovereignty, European opportunities
European digital sovereignty can also give Europe the potential to be a starting point for research departments and thus establish its economic appeal. Computer research is a true European flagship on an international scale, but underestimated. Europe is often recognized as the center of research and training for engineers leaving for Asia or Silicon Valley to participate in GAFAM or BATX. All that is needed is Europe, which encourages the acceptance of foreign researchers and increases productivity, but above all European productivity: patents filed by these European researchers or these international companies in Europe are EU It will be your property. Guarantees European control over these technologies.
These opportunities provide a true European shield to protect users or customers in their fundamental online rights, such as the Digital Services Act (DSA) and Digital Markets Act (DMA), which make the digital market more equitable. Known to European authorities trying to develop. And more open. The road is long and painstaking, but paradoxically in the context of the unprecedented crisis opened by the war in Ukraine, the opportunities open to the European Union paradoxically encourage optimism.