Congress adopts reform

Frost harvest
Vegetable field.

On the eve of the Agricultural Show, Congress adopted the crop insurance reforms that the Agricultural Show had been waiting for, at the forefront facing the consequences of climate change, in a final Senate vote on Thursday.

The bill was last adopted by parliament on Tuesday and is a compromise obtained by the Joint Committee. In front of “Broken system“Agricultural Minister Julian Donormandy said,” coupled with the intensification of climate hazards. “Historical reforms, the result of intensive parliamentary work“.

Sketched by President Emmanuel Macron during a gathering of young peasants in September and must be operational on January 1, 2023. Specifically, the text is “Universal compensation schemeThree levels: The first level is the farmer’s responsibility and the farmer must undertake the most modest losses up to the deductible threshold. The second level is the responsibility of the insurance company, the third level is the responsibility of the state, and when the loss threshold is exceeded, it mobilizes public funds to respond to the disaster situation.

A one-stop shop was established to simplify the procedure. This text stipulates the creation of an insurance company’s pool. Compliance with this is essential for insurers in this sector, thus enabling data sharing and risk pooling and setting premiums as fair as possible. Compensation for crop loss has traditionally been based on the parallel operation of two schemes. The first is an agricultural disaster that has existed since the 1960s. A joint investment between the farmer and the state has excluded certain agricultural sectors (viticulture and upland crops) and is believed to be too long.

The second is a private insurance system, 65% of which is subsidized by the state, is in the red, and there is still little participation by farmers (according to the ministry, about 18% of all crops combined). .. The episode of late frost in the spring of 2021 clearly demonstrated the limits of the system. The state announced an exceptional funding of € 1 billion and had to cover the wine-growing areas. “”Some silver lining“, Bernard Buis (mostly Emmarche’s RDPI), the victim of this disaster, was mentioned.”Contributes to the convergence of all players“.

trust“”

Senator fought to convert the textFor an ambitious orientation method“By introducing the figures. Therefore, the law enshrines a commitment to adjust public spending of 600 million euros a year to support the development of reforms from 2023 to 2030, in the appendix, in the appendix. The goals achieved for guaranteed farmland are indicators of crop type by 2030 and the level of national intervention in production.

this is,”trust“, Reporter Laurent Duprom (LR) claimed.”If you have already heard the little music telling us that it will not be specially respected, I will repeat it solemnly, these fees are obligatory to us (…) These fees tell the farmers“, He added,” “.You boosted the current orientation method“I greeted the socialist Dennis Buad.

The ministry aims to insure about half of its crops by 2030. Farmers are strongly encouraged to take out insurance. For uninsured farmers, the compensation paid under national solidarity is reduced.DevicemodulationEstablishing support encourages young farmers to take out multi-risk climate insurance as soon as they start their business.

According to Fabien Gay (CRCE, the majority of the Communist Party), two parties voted against the text.Get stuck in choosing private insurance“. Environmentalist Daniel Salmon also said,”Liberation of the nation Benefits of the insurance sector“. Maryse Carrère recalled that the majority of the RDSE group had a majority in favor of compulsory crop insurance. Nevertheless, the group’s senator said,”Accompanying the work and investment of businesses, and especially the protection of their income“.

In the case of FNSEA, “You need to continue working“, No it”Waste time“.” “”As soon as the law is promulgated, consultations between sector representatives and all stakeholders must take place within the committee responsible for insurance orientation and development.“, The first agricultural organization said in a press release.